The Odescalchi Castle in Bracciano, unmissable destination for any traveller visiting Rome and surroundings, the Castle offers to visitors an intinerary through centuries of history enclosed by its walls and by the stark towers of one of Europe's most fascinating private abodes.
From the very top of the parapet walk, weather permitting, you can enjoy a wonderful view over the valley of the lake.Cari Tahu Lebih Lanjut
Cerveteri known for its well-preserved necropolis complex, once part of an Etruscan city. The Banditaccia Necropolis is a series of pre-Roman tombs, some with fragments of wall paintings. Unique and unexpected is what gives the visitor the vast necropolis of Banditaccia, one of the ancient Etruscan Kisra necropolis. The tombs carved into the volcanic tuff, show us the various types of houses, the architectural evolution in an amount which corresponds to the evolution of economic and social life. We'll see princely mounds tombs dice-shaped of emerging middle class, roads marked by the carts of funeral processions... immersed in a natural relaxing environment, within walking distance from the new town which corresponds just in a little part to the old one. Artifacts like urns and statues are displayed at the National Museum of Cerveteri, in the 16th-century Ruspoli Castle.
The largest town in northern Lazio, Viterbo is a much-overlooked gem with a handsome medieval centre and a relaxed, provincial atmosphere. Viterbo, the so-called "Popes' town", maintains an ancient atmosphere which makes it unique. The story goes that in 1271, three years after the death of Clemente IV, the college of cardinals still hadn't elected a successor. To encourage them in their deliberations, the Viterbesi locked the dithering priests in the turreted sala and fed them nothing but bread and water until they eventually elected Pope Gregory X.The Middle Age breathes in S.Pellegrino district, the heart of which is Piazzetta degli Alessandri dating back to the XII c. In the city, one of the most typical feast of Italy is held, when a huge "machine" dedicated to St.Rose is taken around through the narrow streets. In Piazza Duomo, everyone is amazed at the architectonical entwined laces of the Loggia of the Palazzo dei Papi, where the first conclave in the history of the Church was held. Strolling around, we can admire its characteristic fountains, palaces, and "profferli", the typical outside staircases.
Tarquinia is the pick of Lazio's Etruscan towns. The highlight is the magnificent Unesco-listed necropolis and its extraordinary frescoed tombs, but there's also a fantastic Etruscan museum (the best outside of Rome) and an atmospheric medieval centre.Was one of the most powerful coastal cities of the Etruscan world, it was also the birthplace of Tarquinius Priscus, king of Rome. Undoubtedly is absolutely suggestive to visit the underground tombs of the Necropolis of Monterozzi, whose frescoes are true narrative of the life and customs of one of the people of the Mediterranean Sea, the cradle of cultures in continuous exchange and ferment. The next stop will be the Museum, one of the richest of its kind, housed in a fifteenth-century palace built in an original architecture. But the town does not exhaust his wealth over the centuries of its origin and for those who desired it still offers much of its Medieval corners.
Civita di Bagnoregio is also known as the “dying town”. Perched on a tuffaceous hill in the middle of a landslide-prone valley, this nice little town is slowly succumbing to the ravages of time. It was once a thriving town, built by the Etruscan to protect a road leading from Lake Bolsena to the north across the Tiber valley. Rebuilt in the Middle Ages, Bagnoregio became an important centre with churches, hospices and homes of illustrious families. It was also the hometown of St Bonaventura, a famous philosopher and churchman who wrote, among other things, a book about the life of St. Francis of Assisi. In the late Renaissance famous men of letters visited the town like, for example, the learned humanist Annibal Caro. In 1695, a terrible earthquake forced the inhabitants of Civita to leave the town forever. Consequently, Bagnoregio was condemned to a slow, painful agony. Today, the visitors’ footsteps ring out in the small streets, alleys and little piazzas of a town, and its nice nooks and crannies are bathed in an almost religious silence. From Civita, you can take a wonderful view over the lunar landscape created by the Calanchi (big clay formations rising all around Civita). The town is noted for its striking position atop a plateau of friable volcanic tuff overlooking the Tevere river valley. It is in constant danger of destruction as the edges of the plateau collapse due to erosion leaving the buildings to crumble as their underlying support falls away. As of 2004, there were plans to reinforce the plateau with steel rods to prevent further geological damage.
The city is also much admired for its architecture spanning several hundred years. Civita di Bagnoregio owes much of its unaltered condition to its relative isolation; the town was able to withstand most intrusions of modernity as well as the destruction brought by two world waes. The population today varies from about 7 people in winter to more than 100 in summer.
The town was placed on the World Monuments Fund's 2006 Watch List of the 100 Most Endangered Sites, because of threats it faces from erosion and unregulated tourism.
The Romans built this charming little town on the shore of Lake Bolsena in the 3rd century BC, after the conquest of the Etruscan town of Orvieto (Velzna). After the destruction of Velzna, the new town was rebuilt near the lake. Its Latin name (Volsinii) probably derives from the original Etruscan name of Orvieto. Situated on the Roman road Cassia, Volsinii soon became a flourishing town thanks to its strategic position. At the end of the Roman Empire, the town was slowly abandoned. In the Middle Ages Bolsena attracted the attention of the Christian world because of a eucharistic miracle which took place inside the basilica of Santa Cristina in 1263. This church was already well known for holding the relics of Santa Cristina, a young virgin who converted to Christianity. The Roman authorities killed her at the beginning of the 4th century AD. The Basilica of Santa Cristina with the catacombs and the Cappella del Miracolo is well worth a visit. The relics of Cristina are kept under a small altar in a modern shrine. Also interesting are the archaeological excavations at Poggio Moscini and the Rocca dei Monaldeschi, a medieval castle which houses a nice museum with finds from the Etruscan- Roman period to the Middle Ages.
Villa Lante was built at the foot of the Cimini Mountains, above the small town of Bagnaia. The villa is located in the middle of a big park with fountains and century-old trees covering about 20 hectares of land. In the 13th century, Bagnaia became the summer residence of bishops and cardinals and, from that time on, churchmen and high prelates often came to this little town to relax and take some rest. In the late 16th century, Cardinal Francesco De Gambara decided to create a wonderful villa with garden and fountains in a big holm hoak wood near Bagnaia. About 50 years earlier another cardinal, Raffaele Riario, had already transformed the wood into a hunting preserve. The famous architect Jacopo Barozzi probably designed Villa Lante and Tommaso Ghinucci, a clever hydraulic engineer who also worked at Tivoli, built its hydraulic system. When Cardinal De Gambara died, the Villa was handed down to Cardinal Peretti Montalto, who owned it for more than thirty years. The complex is named after the Lante Della Rovere family, who held the villa from the mid-seventeenth century until the 1930’s.
The origin of Vulci goes back to the late Iron Age (8th century BC). Conquered by the Romans in the 3rd century BC, Vulci was definitely abandoned after the end of the Roman Empire (5th century AD). It was one of the largest Etruscan towns in southern Etruria. Situated on a wide plateau called Pian de Voci, the town covered some 300 acres of land. Vulci’s prosperity was mainly due to its geographical position. In fact, the city was located in the river Fiora valley, about ten miles from the sea. Vulci soon became one of the most powerful cities in Etruria; between the 7th and the 6th centuries BC, the centre reached the height of its power. Many bronzes, gold objects and thousands of Greek vases were found in the necropolises near the city. It is said that Prince Lucien Bonaparte, Napoleon’s brother, unearthed more than 2,000 Attic vases from 5 acres of land in the 19th century. Vulci’s territory stretched for many miles to Cosa and Mount Argentario in the north, and to lake Bolsena in the east. About 15,000 people lived in the town at that time. After a period of crisis (5th century BC) following the defeat of the Etruscan fleet near Cuma (474 BC), Vulci’s ancient glory revived in the Hellenic age (late 4th century BC), as some rich family tombs found at the Necropolis of Ponte Rotto show. Among them, the François Tomb (4th century BC) deserves a special mention. This family tomb contained some frescoes representing episodes of the Trojan cycle, old Etruscan legends and the heroic deeds of Mastarna, a local hero. Now the paintings are kept at Villa Albani (Torlonia collection), Rome. Nowadays, the most interesting sights are located in the area of the ancient town (Parco Archeologico di Vulci). There you can see the remains of an Etruscan wall, the foundations of a big temple dated from the 4th century BC and the old forum with the ruins of some Roman public buildings (2nd century BC). Anyway, the remains of a Roman villa (Villa of Criptoportico) are especially noteworthy. Situated in the main street (decumanus maximus), the Villa was built around the 2nd century BC. It had several rooms, a Roman bath, an atrium, some warehouses and a criptoportico (subterranean passage). Near the entrance to the criptoportico there is also a mithraeum (a place where the Persian god Mithras was worshipped). The Villa was used until the fall of the Roman Empire. If you love trekking, there is the possibility to make exciting excursions in the park. In fact, the archaeological site is located in a beautiful area with green meadows, deep gorges and a small natural lake (Pelicone). On one side of the river Fiora stands the Abbadia Castle, a medieval construction built over the remains of an ancient Benedictine abbey – hence its name. Enlarged by the Farnese family in the 16th century, the castle houses a very interesting Etruscan museum with several objects including vases, statues, buccheri and funerary urns found in the Vulci area. Near the castle there is also an impressive Roman bridge (Ponte dell’Abbadia). Built in the 2nd century BC, the bridge spans the river Fiora. It was restored in the Middle Ages, and an aqueduct was built on one of his arches. From the bridge, you can take a breathtaking view over a deep ravine.
Here one of the largest series of paintings of the Italian Mannerism decorates the superb residence of the Farnese family, whose architects were renowned Sangallo and Vignola. Leaning against the Cimini Mountains, near Lake Vico, preserves one of the most prestigious Renaissance gardens. Begin your visit to Caprarola at the Palazzo Farnese, built in just 27 years in a project which involved demolishing various buildings to build bridges and the “Via Diritta”, which would cross the town to reach the palace. The palace was originally designed as a fortress by Paul III (1468-1549), and completed by Cardinal Alexander (1520-1589) grandson of Paul III. The Palazzo Farnese of Caprarola is one of the best examples of Renaissance mansion, built for the Roman Farnese family in Caprarola. The construction of the building - with its distinctive pentagonal shape - was entrusted from Alessandro Farnese (who became Pope Paul III) to Antonio da Sangallo, who began working around 1530 and, after a break, it was completed at the behest of Alessandro Farnese (the grandson of Paul III), which commissioned the execution to Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola.
Caprarola is also famous for its large production of hazelnuts, which are used to prepare traditional sweets, tozzetti, amaretti, pampepati whose spectacular festival is celebrated every year in late August and the famous Nutella.
Situated near Rome ’s border, Sutri is a town of ancient origin. The town was built around the 7th century BC, but the earliest mention goes back to the 4th century BC. At that time the Romans began to conquer all the most powerful Etruscan cities and placed Etruria under the control of Rome . Most of the funerary objects found at Sutri’s necropolis show the influence of the Etruscan-Faliscan art, and the richest funerary artefacts date from the early Etruscan period.. Anyway, Sutri reached the height of its power only after the Roman conquest. The rock-cut amphitheatre, Sutri’s most remarkable sight, was built between the 2nd and the 1st centuries BC. Completely hewn out of tuff rock, the amphitheatre can seat up to 3,000 people. Another important tourist attraction is the Mithraic church. Not far from the amphitheatre, the mithraeum is a grotto where the god Mithras was worshipped. The cave was reused as a Christian church in the early Middle Ages, and its he walls were painted with religious subjects dating mainly from the 15th century. Near the mithraeum there is also Villa Savorelli, a recently restored villa of the 18th century with a park called ‘the Holy Wood’. Nearby the villa are a church in the Borromini style and the ruins of a castle known as ‘Charlemagne’s castle’. The medieval town was rebuilt on a hilltop near the Cassia road, in the same area occupied by the Etruscan-Roman town. In the Middle Ages, Sutri played a major role. Some important buildings, like the Cathedral of Santa Maria with its wonderful Romanesque crypt (12th century), are there to show it.
You can walk, enjoy nature and spend a relaxing day in a pure landscape.At the Spa you will find the following treatments: Mud therapy, Bath therapy, Inhalations, Roman-steam cave, Insufflations, Politzer, Reaction massages, Thermal pools and Thermal hydro-massage.
At Stigliano several springs of hyper-thermal sulfur-iodine water pour from the ground (temperature ranging from 36°C to 56°C) used for healthy and natural thermal therapies, also in agreement with the Italian NHS. Mud therapy, balneo therapy, inhalation treatments, insufflations/politzer and the suggestive Roman steam cave sauna: entrust the precious thermal waters of Terme di Stigliano, a natural ally for the treatment of rheumatic, cutaneous, post-traumatic, inflammatory diseases and of rhinogenic deafness, to all ages.
The Thermal Spa, known as Bagnarello, is located inside the Terme di Stigliano Spa park, not far from the hotel, in a wonderful valley full of historical and natural beauties. Treatment facilities are comfortable and practical and they offer a modern inhalation department, a section dedicated to mud bathing therapies and the typical Roman steam cave sauna.
The beneficial effects of thermal waters and muds of the Terme di Stigliano, unlike the traditional pharmacological interventions, soothe the pain sensation and gradually restore the proper use of your bones, joints or muscles, and also affect the cellular process slowing down its degeneration and allow to get excellent results.
Half an hour from our location you can reach the eternal city, known throughout the world. Rome is well connected by a bus which runs every hour. By car take the cassia for 50 km and in 45 minutes you are in the heart of the capital
In Rome, classical ruins and early Christian places of worship stand next to – or lie beneath – Renaissance palazzos and Baroque fountains. But there are also great neighbourhood trattorias, quirky shops and a buzzing aperitivo scene. The city’s mild Mediterranean climate is another persuasive draw for visitors from the cool north, but for me the main draw will always be the pulsating energy of a place which lives life as a form of theatre.
The waters that flow at approximately 63° C were known in antiquity by the name of "Aquae Passeris" and are certified sulphate-bicarbonate-alkaline-earthy faintly sulphurous and hyperthermal. The terme delle Masse di San Sisto are almost free, in reality, to access it you have to pay a modest annual fee of 35 euros, which is simply the cost of the membership card. The money raised is used to maintain and clean this relaxing spot. Etruscan spas are used and restored then the Romans and are still used to this day.
Open daily and Sunday from 18:00 at 24:00 (summer), except on Thursday from 13:00 to 24:00, on Sundays from 16:00 at 24:00 (winter) for maintenance and cleaning.
Civita Castellana has a rich history, and was for centuries one day's ride north from Rome along the Via Flaminia - a place to stop and change horses. Civita is a superb base from which to explore Northern Lazio (by car).It was also one of the first locations that drew outdoor painters in the 18th century, and many of the views they painted are still unspoiled today. The local building material is mainly tufa, and the region is full of tufa cliffs and gorges, Etruscan burials and wonderful small towns.
Most amenities are within easy waking distance here in the old center of this ancient town, historically the center of the Faliscan empire. The Faliscans were contemporaries of the Etruscans and Civita finally fell to the Romans in 241 BC. It is built on a naturally defensible bluff. Civita also has a wonderful Antonio da Sangallo fortress built around 1500, which was a Papal palace and then a prison, and now a museum displaying Faliscan and Roman relics, where there is a free music festival every July. There are wonderful things to see all over the region: Viterbo has one of the best preserved medieval centers in Europe and the Terme dei Papi bath complex, Sutri, Calcata, Nepi, the Via Amerina (an ancient road lined with burial chambers carved into the rock), Monster Park at Bomarzo, Villa Farnese at Caprarola, Villa Lante at Bagnaia, nearby Castel Sant'Elia with its 12th century Basilica and Sanctuary, the beech forest - La Faggeta - near Soriano, where the Romans came to capture wild animals for the sport in the Colisseum, also Amelia, Calvi, Otricoli, Lago di Bracciano, Lago di Vico, Faleri Novi, Oriolo Romano, Vignanello, Vasanello, San Martino al Cimino, Bolsena, Montefiascone, Tuscania, Civita di Bagnoregio. So many wonderful and uncrowded places to visit. It's a wonderful area to be based to see the wonderful Renaissance gardens of Lazio as well, and is near enough to the main A1 highway to allow day-trips to such places as Perugia, Orvieto, Todi, among others. Good coffee, food and wine and many festivals celebrating local food and traditions all summer long. Tuesdays and Fridays there is a smaller fresh fruit/vegetable market in the old part of town, and on Saturday mornings there is the big fresh market in the new part of town.
The best way to explore the area surrounding the town is on foot. There are superb trails down to and along the many rivers that have always defined this area. Descending into the surrounding woods is truly like stepping into the countryside as it was 3000 years ago. The locals are friendly!
Falerii Novi is 6km west of Civita Castellana. It is situated on a slight volcanic plateau. There are extensive walls, considered to be excellent examples of Etruscan/Roman city walls. The ancient Roman town boasted fifty towers along these walls. Built out of huge blocks of tufo rock, they are about 2km long. S. Maria of Falerii was built around the 12th Century. The church has been restored and can be visited weekends. The adventurous can reach Faleri Novi by following the Via Amerina from just outside Civita (leaving a car at the parking lot of the Quercia restaurant) and proceeding through the countryside. Large stretches of the original wall are preserved but not well cared for. Built in the 3rd century BC, this big Roman town rose in a wide plain only a few miles from Civita Castellana (Faleri Veteres). The Romans rebuilt the new town of Faleri after the destruction of Civita Castellana, the capital of the so –called Faliscan nation. The Faliscans, a people sharing a common origin with the Romans, lived in an area south east of the Cimini Mountains including Civita Castellana, Corchiano, Vignanello, Sutri and Nepi. The imposing walls that surrounded the ancient city are a remarkable sight and make Faleri an excellent example of fortified town. Inside the ancient walls are the ruins of the Romanesque church of Santa Maria in Falleri, an ancient Cistercian settlement built at the end of the 12th century
Orvieto is a small city perched on a rock cliff in Umbria, Italy. Orvieto is a city with significant cultural heritage, fascinating traditions and an exciting life-style.
Duomo di Orvieto, dating from 1290, has a mosaic facade and houses a marble Pietà sculpture. The Pozzo di San Patrizio is a 16th-century well shaft with a double spiral staircase. An underground cave network attests to the city’s Etruscan roots. Artifacts from this era, like ceramics and bronze items, are on view at the National Archaeological Museum.
Discover this medieval umbrian city, its world famous “wonders”: the tufa outcrop, the Duomo and the Saint Patrick’s Well and the whole ancient town center filled with narrow streets, beautiful churches, historic palace and the suggestive underground life: a maze of tunnels and caves.
The Museum of Orvieto's Medieval and Renaissance Majolicas is the interesting outcome of a private collection of ceramic items preserved and restored with utmost care, which were made available on several occasions for thematic exhibitions, study and research, and brought to public fruition in 2011. The peculiarity of this underground tour that shouldn’t be renounced is the availability of a rich and articulated series of ceramic handcrafts on the very site where they were created.
Orvieto origins go back to the Etruscan civilization: the first Etruscan settlements, going back to the 9th Century B.C., infact, were found inside the tufaceous caves in the bedrock upon which today rises the city.
Annexed in the 3rd Century B.C. to the territories of Rome, it remained under the Roman domination until the decline of the Western Roman Empire.
Tuscania , known as Tuscanella, is a picturesque small traditional Italian town situated in northern central Lazio region, and with a history dating from Etruscan times. Tuscania rises at the end of Maremma Viterbese, close to the Lake Vico and not far from the sea, north-eastwards from Tarquinia on the Viterbo road. According to the legend, the city of Tuscania was founded by Tusco, son of Hercules. The town rises indeed on the valleys of the rivers Marta and Capecchio, on top of a hill overlooking .
The Romans arrived in the third century BC, and instead of destroying the Etruscan centre, connected it with Rome by the Via Clodia and favoured its commercial activities. In 90 BC it became a Roman municipality.
The town is best known for its medieval walls and towers, and two imposing churches.
A visit to Tuscania will usually start from Saint Peter's Church, located on the hill which was the ancient seat of the Etruscan acropolis. The front of the church overlooks a grassy area between the Palace of Canons and the mighty defensive towers, while the high apse faces towards the nearby town.
The town of Tuscania is steeped in history, and it is pleasant to stroll around downtown and linger at the many restaurants
The lake of Vico has many naturalistic paths that you can find and deepen to the following link http://www.parchilazio.it/vico-ricerca_itinerari. Here you can download the file https://webbox-assets.siteminder.com/assets/nejkmiahxfwkhtds/06708303-3740-4739-ba34-a61a04d89b02.pdf